Obviously, we’ll only have just begun the third quarter when we return from spring break in a week or so. But, as we received several weeks ago the tools list for the fourth and fifth quarters, it’s something to start preparing for over the term… oh, and you have the summer quarter to prepare for it as well.
Here’s the list with a few links to specific recommendations and suitable alternatives.
Required Tools for Airframe II
ARCFT 235, 236, 237, 238
All of these tools are required by the second week of Airframe II Quarter! Students starting out of sequence must have all tools from General and Airframe I lists also! As always, consult your instructor for clarification if you are unclear about a tool description.
As we’ve done this a few times, I’m just going to provide some links to the search results for plausible vendors that we’d used before: Amazon, Harbor Freight, Home Depot, Lowe’s, and the recommended vendor if one was given.
I’m not seeking out the various tool suppliers that may have been mentioned by the instructors because many may not (or don’t) have a search mechanism, a web presence, or both. You can certainly have a look at them and consider your own value of the time you spend on it.
Snap Ring Plier set (ATS E100-022 or equal). 1 set
You’ll need snap ring pliers to both expand snap rings and compress.
1/4″ 12 Point universal joint socket set 5/16″ through 9/16″ (Genius US-206S or equal). 1 set
These sockets are rather difficult to track down. You can find them in several places, but they’re quite expensive — $220-ish. I think it’s quite unreasonable. Genius Tools has them listed for about $40 for the specific recommended item number. But they’re back ordered. Honestly, I’d rather pick them up for $40 than nearly six times as much.
All these tools are required by the second week Powerplant Quarter! Students starting out of sequence must have all tools from general and airframe list also! As always, consult your instructor for clarification if you are unclear about a tool description.
**Note: Some students may be starting the program out of typical sequence order, if they have not had a specific General Class that they would have made one of the required tools consult the Powerplant instructor prior to starting the Powerplant Quarter for guidance. For students who do complete these projects during General take care to assemble them to the highest quality, to prevent having to open purchase them due to inaccuracy.
We were reminded today that the third quarter in the program begins in about 8 weeks (7 weeks by the time I post this). We were also reminded that we need to get onto ordering tools for our next portion of classwork labs sooner rather than later. Very probably, none of the tools will be available locally.
Fair warning: this is, so far, the most expensive combination of tools to be obtained — and the majority of cost is likely within the first two or three items. Yes, really. Even considering what I’d said before about not needing to buy the most expensive/best/tool-truck-brand tool that can be found.
So… the list is below along with some of the sources I’ve found.
Lower chest tool box, recommended size 20”x30”x40”, 1 ea
Yep, gone are the days that we’ll just need a few screwdrivers and wrenches. We’ll need a bit more than can be carted around in a semi-portable toolbox. There are loads of options to be had and several that can be obtained new for about $300. There are also a few rather good options from Harbor Freight.
One could write a novel on what is and isn’t a good rolling toolbox to contain one’s tools. But here are some of the variations:
It doesn’t seem there are many options available. Although I admittedly simply don’t know enough about rivet guns other than to say that you absolutely should not buy the cheapest thing you find. I ordered one from Aircraft Tool Supply then received an email a day later cautioning that they’re awaiting delivery, so it’ll be two weeks until they ship.
Not to worry.
Oh, they also have “designer colors” — as long as a designer fancies black, red, blue, or fashionable lime-green… no, wait — they call it jade-green.
Pneumatic. Not battery-powered, nor 1-phase/household current operated. And while it’s very much my opinion, I would discourage any keyed-chuck options unless your goal is ten-thousandths-precision, in which case you wouldn’t be doing the work with a hand-held tool. Also, that key is one more thing to keep track of. And if you misplace it, your drill is effectively a paperweight. I’ve preferred keyless chucks whenever possible.
I’m sensing a trend here: ATS seems to be either the only place that has the needed tools… or it’s the only place that I bothered to look. Save a few dollars and opt for the RG031 kit. It’s quite adequate.
Brass drift (3/8 x 10)
ATS does not have brass drifts. They have center punches and pin punches, but no drifts. Fortunately, yep, Amazon.
You know it has occurred to me that if SCC were to let ATS know what they needed, they could select specific part numbers and students could just order the “SCC 3Q ARCFT Kit”. Sure, people could shop around and find something equal… except as students learning about aviation, it may be that something is thought to be equal, but isn’t.
Babbling rant aside, a set of needle files can be had at ATS:
12 or 16 oz. Ball Peen hammer
ATS does have ball peen hammers. But you can also find them on Amazon or pick one up from one of a local DIYcenters. Just a 12 or 16 oz ball peen.
Hmm, on the heels of the remark about not knowing if something equal, now we’ll consider deburring tools. Can one be found at Lowe’s? Home Depot? And, no doubt, many of them can also be found on Amazon.
Or, since you’re already selecting items from ATS, you could go with the list’s recommendation. Also, they do seem rather comparable in price.
I wonder if the more expensive, super-awesome, high-tech $29 digital option is equal to the $17 GT17.
Hint: no, they’re not equal — one is nearly twice the cost of the other with little functional gain.
Mechanic hook & pick set, 5″ or greater
I honestly didn’t know that such things have a measurement or size classification. So, would these be 5-inch?
Eh, probably not. But we can probably go pick one from the assorted shops.
4″ C-Clamps, 2 ea
And you thought those C-clamps in your great-granddad’s toolbox were outdated and old-fashioned. Hardly. You can easily find several options across the interwebz. Caution: it seems that the assorted tool purveyors are including their own recommendations: “Here are some locking C-clamps and C-clamp pliers… they’re more better!”
No, thanks, just the old-style C-shaped clamp with the single, threaded screw.
#40 drill bit, 10 ea
Hmm… ten of them? I was wondering why we were going to need ten of them… if only somebody offered them in packs of two or three… wait… they really do readily offer #40’s in bulk packs?
This is the second of the cheapest items you’ll need.
Extension cord, 25′ outdoor quality, 1 ea
You know, having lived The RV life, I have several heavy-duty, outdoor-rated extension cords that I can retask for the hangar.
Do not buy the cheapest, and absolutely do not buy anything listed at “16/3 Heavy Duty Outdoor” — its description rather underscores that it’s inadequacy.
12/3 will work and you can find them at Lowe’s, HF, Amazon, and HD. Going larger to 10/3 would, while suitable, have diminishing returns. It would be more expensive than is necessary and wrangling the additional bulk will be problematic.
I don’t have a clue about anything involving welding apart from comprehending that soldering!=brazing!=welding. But I’ll go out on a limb here and say that having a super-awesome, instantly dimming, LCD helmet is not what you’ll want. When you’re learning to weld, it’s the wrong time to have the auto-dimming battery fail. Also: unless you selected a rolly-toolbox with a suitable space, you won’t be able to store it in there.
So, just goggles.
Oh, and ensure that they’re #5 shades.
Yes, you could check with Lincoln Electric or Eastwood and perhaps they have something that might work. I’m somewhat lazy and tend to go to the places that have worked well enough for me in the past: Lowe’s and HD are questionable, but oddly, HF, and, surprise, Amazon, have options.
So, everything else welding-related on the list is very much in the realm of “I haven’t a clue”. 🤷 But these might work.
It doesn’t seem that vendors clearly state in some titles whether they’re E6013 or E7014, or vice-versa. So, click through and read the product description.
Paint gun (HVLP-recommend 20oz. reservoir)*, 1 ea
Disclaimer: I do have extremely-particular taste and preference in painting equipment. I painted houses and businesses professionally for several years before I was in Computer Science.
I hear from good authority (a student who graduated last term) that there was only cause to use the cup-gun (HVLP sprayer) for like one project.
If there’s only one painting project, it absolutely doesn’t justify the cost of a Wagner Spraytech HVLP or even a Spray Max (both nice) or a Graco 7.0 3-stage turbine HVLP (very nice) but neither one suitable. Nor the pneumatic Graco Edge II or the aviation-specific Graco AirPro.
Oh, and while you’re searching around for HVLPs, you’ll no doubt see ads and sales pitches directing you (insisting? demanding?) to buy burp-guns. Don’t. It’s a trap.
Just a super-basic, gravity-fed or cup-gun pneumatic sprayer.
Paint respirator (ProTech B242 or equal), 1 ea
Okay, this is an odd one — there doesn’t seem to be a “ProTech B242” respirator to be found. And I’m unfamiliar with the name
Well, there is a “ProTech”, but it’s not likely what we’ll need. The ProTech you’ll find online is one of those tactical-related vendors.
I don’t know if SCC requires a PPV respirator (doubt it, but for those with beards, it may be appropriate eventually) so something like a basic 3M painting respirator (Lowe’s, Home Depot) may work fine. Generally, cartridges in a painting respirators need to be replaced every day or so under regular use.
That’s about it. So far.
From what I’ve calculated, this is indeed the most expensive tool list of the lot.
Apart from the toolbox, which I already have, the greatest expenses, in order, were: the rivet gun, the drill, the drill bits, and the Cleco kit. Most other items were within the range of $2 to $20.
*Per the tools list: “New tools may say they include an air hose fitting but it will not come with Lincoln Long fittings, nor will air hoses.”
Okay, I posted the SCC AMT Supplies and book list and at the end of it, I alluded to a tools list. Here it is.
SCC AMT Tools List needed for the first ten classes — about two to three terms. ARCFT 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 135, and 136.
I’m effectively brand new to aircraft maintenance-anything. However, I do have about 40-ish years of tool use since childhood in mechanics, fabrication, construction, and electronics. As such, I’ve formed preferences in the types of tools that work for me and I’ll temper that experience with the specific needs of aviation.
Next, yes, this is going to be another long-ish post. I already have several (but not all) tools that I can re-task for aviation. I’m going to include the specific requirements as provided during new-student orientation on 21 August and I’ll also provide links to the exact tools required or equivalents that may be appropriate.
Before I dig into the list, I’d like to share something important for people who may be starting out. I feel this is significant, so please pay attention:
As a student or just starting out, do not buy the ‘best’ tool that can be had nor anything from some mobile tool purveyor.
Instead, buy the cheapest thing you can find that meets the actual needs you have right now. Not needs you think you’re going to have in the future. Learn to use it appropriately. Care for it. When it breaks or wears out, if repair isn’t plausible, then look for the best tool that in your learned and gained experience will meet your specific needs.
Right, the list:
Tool box. Small, hand-carry model only. 1 ea. Not a roll-bottom cart (yet). You’ll need to move this around rather regularly. And for the first two terms, every day. From my experience, plastic-anything is out of the question primarily because it’s prone to breaking and cannot be repaired. I do appreciate metal toolboxes that can be repaired or pounded back into shape and those with cantileveredbutterfly topslike these, but I also appreciate the upholstery in my vehicles. So, a soft-sided tool bag with sturdy, reinforced frame is suitable.
Safety goggles/glasses, clear, ANSI Z87 1 ea. I don’t want to get on my soapbox about the importance of safety glasses. They’re mandatory in the hangar. Also, they must be ANSI Z87 safety eyewear. What do I use? I have several that I have for different purposes: workshop, mowing the lawn, motorcycles, power-sports, etc. There are many that you can find on Amazon but it depends on whether you need ‘safety glasses’ or ‘safety goggles’ to wear over eyeglasses. So choose what works for you and be sure you always have a spare. Oh, and no sunglasses and no face shields.
Ear protection muffs (29db) 1 ea. While I acknowledge that AirPods Pro do have noise-cancellation and hunting/shooting ear protection can provide hearing augmentation, they’re not appropriate in the hangar (nor on the flight-line). It’s dangerous on the flight-line to have music or an audio book or anything that can command your attention. Just over-the ear muffs are appropriate. Yes, there are also headsets that are meant for radio-communication on the flight-line. Different issue. These are fine.
Gloves, light-weight leather/mechanic gloves 1 pr. I don’t recall where I bought my regular-use Mechanix Wear gloves, probably at Lowe’s. I strongly, strongly recommend going directly to a local big-box home center and trying on a few different pair of mechanic gloves to make sure you get a pair that fit properly. Remember, you’re not in need of gardening gloves, nor anything that provides thermal insulation, and absolutely not loose-fitting gloves. What you need is leather(-like) gloves that won’t limit dexterity, will protect your hands from rough edges, and won’t fall off or become FOD.
Gloves, nitrile 1 box. If you’re not familiar with the fit and use of nitrile gloves, buy the absolute cheapest box you can find. For auto-maintenance tasks, I’ve had good luck with a particular size and I prefer the 5 and sometimes 7 mil gloves. Anything thicker affects my dexterity. Anything thinner is at far greater risk of snagging and tearing.
Gloves, chemical resistant 1 pr. Occasionally, you’ll be working with hazardous chemicals. Yes, there are also varying types and degrees of “hazardous” in aviation. These or these would be appropriate.
12″ hacksaw frame and 12-36T hacksaw blade 1 ea. A cheap hacksaw frame and some blades for cutting aluminum.
8″ duckbill pliers 1 ea. From many years of hand tool use, I prefer the rubber grip of the line of Irwin Vice Grip gripping tools. 8″ flat nose pliers.
3″ flush cutting pliers 1 ea. I have several pair of flush-cutting pliers from electrical work and even 3D-printing I’ve done over the years. As such, these might work.
Soldering pen, 25-40w 1 ea. From background and exposure to soldering (THT, SMD) I usually just toss soldering pens in the bin. I have a soldering station with adjustable temperature and heat gun, but it’s not small enough to keep in tool bag. So, a soldering pen it is. Fortunately, I found this with a temperature adjustment — which is critically important for solder work.
0.5 oz. 60/40 rosin-core solder, 0.032″ diameter, RS 64-017 or equal. 2 ea. About 30 grams. I prefer having a tube to contain the solder in one hand and the soldering gun in the other. Fortunately (unfortunately?) I have several of these lying about.
2″ aligator clips, RS 270-346 or equal 20 ea. Wait… RS? Like Radio Shack? I’ll be darned, it really is. This is equivalent.
Digital multi-meter, CAT III, fused 10A port 1 ea. I have a few multi-meters. But they’re CAT II. Totally had to buy a CAT III multi-meter. I do have a preference for Fluke multimeters, but their CAT III meters can get a bit pricey. Klein is an option. There are some far less expensiveauto-ranging options available.
Aircraft spark plug gap gauge (ATS450 or equal) 1 ea. You might think, “Oh, I’ll just use the gap gauge that I use on my mower…” No, you won’t. Fortunately, the ATS450 is available for about $11.
Thread pitch gauge (ATS WT1289-0030 or equal) 1 ea. I’ve been thinking about finding a pitch gauge. Finally have a reason to buy one.
Vernier calipers or digital calipers 1 ea. This is fine. Yes, you can use vernier if you know how to use the vernier scale (doesn’t everyone?), or you can use the lazy way. Just kidding — the digital calipers are far more valuable. Although, I’d bet that anyone who knows how to use a vernier scale also knows how to use a slide-rule. But that’s another topic.
Hand-file, single bastard cut, with handle 1 ea. This and a handle would be adequate.
3/8″ drive ratchet 1 ea. I have a matched set of cased ratchets, sockets, and wrenches. Over the years, I’ve broken a few, but I always replace the broken ones with exact replacements from the vendor. That set is simply too large to carry in and out of the hangar daily and I’m not going to separate them. That’s another post. But this is appropriate for now.
Magnifying glass, 10x or greater 1 ea. You only need a 10x magnifying glass. And because I’d like to have one on my at-home shop as well, this will work. Also consider (or instead consider?) a compact magnifying glass.
Dust masks 10 ea. Dear world: it’s “face masks” you want. Not “dust masks”. In one case, it protects everyone else. In the other case, it protects you. Or, to clarify, a dust mask is to prevent you, the wearer, from inhaling anything that is noxious or hazardous (metal shavings, sawdust, etc). Whereas with a face mask, it prevents you from exhaling water droplets on somebody else. Presently, dust masks are virtually impossible to find because people are buying those things up so there seems some sort of an effing black market for dust masks. Right, so we need dust masks to protect ourselves against inhaled risks and we’ll need to wear face masks to protect everyone else from exhaling risks. Also, not a neck-gaiter. Not a bandana. Not a nylon sport mask — actually, scratch that last, I actually think a nylon sport mask would indeed work to limit inhaled risks. But it serves absolutely -no- benefit at all in limiting exhaled pathogens. Probably worsens it slightly. That said, I have found that dust masks are in fact hard to find. And if you were to got to Lowe’s, Home Depot, Walmart, or nearly anywhere else and ask for dust masks, they’ll probably recommend, quite erroneously, a face mask.
8′ tape measure 1 ea. There are many, many options out there. Many years ago, I started to prefer the Komelon 12′ Self-Lock tapes so I don’t have to fiddle with a lever to lock the tape open. Extend it. It says. To put it away, press the button.
#8 Straight screwdriver 1 ea. This is somewhat open to interpretation. With slotted/straight screwdrivers, there isn’t a standard of what a #8 or #6 screwdriver is. However, generally, a #8 slotted screwdriver is about 1/4″ to maybe 5/16″ wide. Also…
#2 Phillips screwdriver 1 ea. Fortunately, the Phillips screws are generally understood to be a specific size differentiated by the number. So, because you’ll need a #8 slotted and a #2 Phillips, it makes sense to buy them both as a set. Also, because I’ve a preference for a certain ergonomic style, the Klein screwdrivers fit my hand quite nicely.
3/8″ through 7/8″ combination wrench set 1 ea. Okay a set of combination wrenches…
5/16″ combination wrench 1 ea… so I find this and this…
11/32″ combination wrench 1 ea… then realize…
1/4″ combination wrench 1 ea… there’s complete a set of combination wrenches that have every size listed and they’ve ratcheting box ends and not very expensive. That’s a win in my book.
Safety wire twist pliers 1 ea. I wonder what Mac Tools or Snap On charge for such things… oh… uh, nope… nope, nope nope. Remember the rule and just get the cheapest tool that meets your needs now. Not the needs you think you’re going to have. Nearly anything rated 3-stars or better found on Amazon would be appropriate.
Quart-size Zip-Lock bags 1 box. Another to pick up at Walmart. I wouldn’t recommend using lightweight Zip-Lock sandwich bags. Instead, Zip-Lock Freezer bags are more appropriate to keep small parts contained.
File card – ATS 21455 or equal 1 ea. You’ll need a file card to clean the collected filings off the bastard file.
7/8″ aircraft spark plug wrench 1 ea. Okay, honestly, I splurged a bit on this. I could have found the same 7/8″ aircraft spark plug wrench for half the price, but instead, having fought with extracting spark plugs from countless car, truck, and motorcycle engines over the years, having a magnetic plug wrench make the job much more bearable.
This is the list of supplies needed for the first ten courses for the Spokane Community College (SCC) Aircraft Maintenance Technician (AMT). Apparently, we no longer use the term Airframe & Powerplant (A&P).
What’s needed should you take on a current Aircraft Maintenance Technology course program nowadays?
These are specific to the programs at Felts Field hosted by Spokane Community College:
One 3-Ring notebook: you won’t need anything spectacular. I use a super-inexpensive binder with D-Rings like this one.
3 pens & pencils per quarter and 1 highlighter. I’ve been using pens long enough that I have a particular opinion and preference for pens. But, use pens that you like.
1 handheld scientific calculator (TI-30 or equivalent). I already have a Canon F-766S that is (mostly) equivalent to a TI-30 that I used for ballistics, geometry, and trigonometry some years ago. They didn’t specify what variant of the TI-30 would be acceptable, but I would envision that any subsequent TI-30 version has the same capabilities. Also, the TI-30 goes back a few years… to about 1976.
16 GB flash drive. Minimum size required: 16GB. Maximum size? Not important. Speed? Not important — but for 16GB, they’ll definitely be within the appropriate USB-2-class for speed. This is suitable.
1 Ultra-fine Sharpie. Fortunately, I use them all the time, so I buy them in quantities of 5 – 10. These are fine.
Scissors. They didn’t specify what they’d be used for. So, general purpose with a grip large enough for me to get a reasonable purchase with dexterity issues, these will probably be fine.
Not included in the list is a critically-important tool: a modern laptop or a modern tablet that can render the PDFs and the FAA FAR AMT website. You’ll have it in the hangar, but you cannot use your phone as a PDF reference in the hangar because it poses an absolute safety risk.
These apply to everyone who learns A&P in the USA. The good news is that most of these are freely available from the FAA. The links are directly to the source.
Freely (free, as in ‘beer’) available PDFs 📗 and the complete CFR 📒 content.
SCC AMTP General, Airframe, Powerplant Projects Handbook. This is not a nationwide requirement and, given the topic and intent of the book, it’s only available from the instructor. Yes, we’ll be actually building some of the tools that we’ll need in subsequent courses, which I’m rather looking forward to.
These are, as its heading implies, optional. I, however, would rather have something and not need it than to need something and not have it. So, looking for the least expensive options — used in some cases of course — here’s what I’ve found:
Aircraft Technical Dictionary: Jeppesen Version. Direct from Jeppesen for an acceptable US$21. There is an E-book edition for a few dollars less, but because I don’t yet transition my notes fluidly from print to E-books, Dead-Tree Edition it is.
Jeppesen Airframe Technician Textbook: Pilot’s HQ has the A&P Technician Airframe Textbook at a lower price than Jeppesen. It can be found cheaper, but like all things the cheaper it gets, the less value it will have. Still, as long as the pages are all there with minimal writing, it’ll be fine.
Jeppesen Powerplant Technician Textbook: it’s about $70 from Jeppesen. It’s readily available used from about $20 to about $40 and a few dollars for shipping. You’ll also find $5 — but it’s not the textbook. It’s a workbook.
I also keep a copy of UGLY’s Electrical References in a pocket with my calculator on my tool bag as well. It’s not specific to aviation, but it is an electrical reference should I not be able to recall the precise value, arrangement, style, or meaning of a circuit or symbol.
“You mentioned tools,” you say. So naturally, the next question is, “What tools are needed?”